The term, hydroponics, is rooted in the old Greek word, “hydros,” or water, and “ponos,” or work. Sometimes, it is mistakenly referred to as aquiculture or aquaculture, terms that are more appropriatefor other fields of science that are totally unrelated to gardening.
As the world population rises and suitable land availability for crop production drops, hydroponics will provide us a lifeline, letting us to produce crops eitherin greenhouses or in multilevel structures devoted to agriculture.
Hydroponics is defined as the process of growing plants in a nutrient-infused water based solution. It makes no use of soil; instead the root system relies on an inert medium like vermiculture, clay pellets, rockwool or peat moss. The main premise behind hydroponics is to let the plants roots get in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while at the same time giving it access to oxygen, an essential requirement for proper growth.
Before starting your garden, it’s always best to know more about hydroponics.
Hydroponics offers plenty of advantages, the most important being a significantly higher rate of plant growth. With the right setup, you can have your plants maturing up to 25% faster and producing up to 30% more compared to growing them in soil.
This is mainly because the plants will not have to work as hard to get the nutrients they need. Even a tiny root system can provide everything the plant needs, allowing it to focus on growing upstairs, as opposed to expanding the downstairs root system.
However, this will require careful control of the nutrient solution and pH levels. A hydroponic system will utilize less water than soil-based plants as well, and it is because the system is enclosed, leading to reduced evaporation. Of course, hydroponics is more environment-friendly because it controls waste and pollution from soil runoff.
Hydroponics is a great option for all kinds of growers. That’s because you can precisely control the variables that are involved in your plants’ growth. Comparing it with a plant-based garden, a well-maintained hydroponic system can easily impress in terms of amount of yield and plant quality.
If you’re thinking of big, juicy, yummy plants, then nothing can work better for you than hydroponics. It may seem daunting at first, considering all the equipment and work you’ll need, but everything will become easier and simpler when you get the hang of its basics. The secret is to arm yourself with as much knowledge as you can get, both from reading and from talking to an expert.